A heliograph... is a wireless solar telegraph that signals by flashes of sunlight (generally using Morse code) reflected by a mirror. The flashes are produced by momentarily pivoting the mirror, or by interrupting the beam with a shutter. The heliograph was a simple but effective instrument for instantaneous optical communication over long distances during the late 19th and early 20th century. Its main uses were military, survey and forest protection work. Heliographs were standard issue in the British and Australian armies until the 1960s, and were used by the Pakistani army as late as 1975.
40 миль для него оказывается вполне нормальное расстояние.
The Greeks had also developed early forms of telegraph using drums, beacons, smoke and mirrors.
Да да и Сашка Македонский общался по телеграфу азбукой Морзе ... верую.
Postcard of signaler with heliograph. East German Soldiers