The history of Perm is quite interesting. The city owes its existence to V.N.Tatishchev (1686-1750), who is believed to be the founder of Perm.
It was he who planned and supervised the construction of the Yegoshikhinsky Cooper Works and founded a factory settlement near the small river Yegoshikha (or: Yagoshikha), a tributary of the Kama in 1723.
This marked the beginning of the city's existence. The new town was named "Perm" (the word comes from the Finno-Ugric “para ma”, i.e. “the faraway land”) and became the principal town of our province in compliance with Catherine II's decree of November 20, 1780.
Because of its favorable location near the intersection of major rivers, Perm developed during the 19th century into a transportation center for such essential goods as salt, metal ore, and the products of metal factories spread throughout the western Ural Mountains. In 1846, regular steamboat service was established on the Kama. Motovilikha Cannon Factory started its work in the city in 1863 and later became one of the largest metal industry enterprises of the Urals. In 1863, Perm was included in the major Siberian Highway, and the year 1878 saw the construction of the first part of the Urals Railroad, from Perm to Yekaterinburg, completed.
In the 19th century the city became the biggest cultural centre of the Urals. In 1870 Opera Theatre was opened in Perm, though the first musical production was shown in the city back in 1806. By the early 20th century there were more than 20 vocational educational institutions in the city and the year 1916 saw the establishment of the Perm University, the first in the Ural.