bskamalov (bskamalov) wrote,
bskamalov
bskamalov

Будем поискать спецназ 19 века ... Где то они да должны шкериться. (2)

Мы помним что этот хмырь пофулюганил у нас немного   :



... The sappers were next employed in carrying out mining operations and Forts Prasto, Tzee, Nottich, and Bomarsund were blown up by mines laid and fired by Jones and the other men of his company. In these operations Sergeant Jones was employed in his primary military trade as a Miner ...

Для начала представим местность :








Вдруг совершенно случайно у "наших" Ольденбургов отшибло заветы "дгевнего"   Vauban (огонь с фланга) и слепили в середине 19 века фигню в стиле Смолненск и т.д.



Ну прям "Джентльмены Удачи" - "Тут помню-тут не помню", а не "наши" Ольденбурги !!! Хотя очень интересно то полукруглое строение ... может быть в сер. 19 века именно оно и было той самой крепостью ...

У нас смотреть смысла нет, потому глянем у врагов :


I don't know the name of this piece of headgear (helmet 1844?) but it is striking and I've been very impressed by the repro ones I've seen Crimean war reenactors wearing.

У нас кстати тоже это дело малоизвестно и точно такие же каски когда мелькают в Крыму мы приписываем германским "отпускникам"

First battle
On 21 June 1854, three British ships bombarded the Bomarsund fortress. Artillery from the shore, however, responded and, while both sides suffered some damage, the casualties were light. The first battle was indecisive. During the battle, Charles Davis Lucas tossed overboard a shell which had landed on board. The shell exploded before it reached water. For saving his ship he was the first man to be awarded the Victoria Cross.
Second battle
While the first battle had been a brief clash and artillery duel, the second battle was a different affair. By the end of July 1854, a British fleet of 25 ships had surrounded the fortress and only waited for the French ground troops to arrive. Both defender and attacker had acknowledged that the fort could not be defeated by naval forces alone and made preparations accordingly, Russian forces destroyed the surrounding countryside in an effort to force British and French forces break away from the assumed siege.
Landing on 8 August, the British troops established a battery of three 32-pounder guns on a hill, the French establishing several batteries. On 13 August 1854, the French artillery opened fire on a tower and by the end of the day were in a position that while artillery suppressed the defenders of subsidiary tower of Brännklint, French infantry assaulted it.  Defenders found their position to be hopeless and withdrew the bulk of their forces to the main fort leaving only small detachment behind to supervise demolition of the tower. While French troops managed to capture the tower before it was demolished, it did not save the tower since the Russian artillery now opened fire at the captured tower and on 15 August 1854 scored a hit to the gunpowder magazines. The resulting explosion demolished the tower.
The second tower, Notvik, was also lost on 15 August 1854 after British guns opened fire from their hill opposite to the tower. After eight hours of bombardment they managed to create a gaping hole to the fort. After most of the guns had been lost commandant of the tower surrendered to the British and French forces.
The bombardment of the main fortress started late on 15 August 1854 with land based guns and the navy opening fire. With only a few guns capable of firing in the direction of the bombarding ships, the Russian forces hoped for the French and British forces to attack over land. However, after the bombardment continued into the 16 August without any indication of landings, it became apparent to the Russian commander that British and French intended to reduce the fortress with artillery fire. As the situation appeared hopeless, Bomarsund surrendered on 16 August 1854.
The early surrender came as a surprise of the French and British. 2,000 men laid down their arms and became prisoners.

1. Матросик хватает БОМБУ с палубы корабля и выкидывает её за борт.



2. Как минимум 2 странных ВЗРЫВА и как СЮРПРАЙЗ сдача крепости.

Что то тут явно не клеится ... Смотрим по реалиям того времени :


Bomarsund 1854

Как видим рядом ядра чуток почиркали стену и даже при кучном попадании не взвали особых разрушений.
В этом месте нет никакого порохового погреба и явно  РВАНУЛИ чем то стену.


Fort Nottich, Bomarsund. August, 1854. Breach made by the English Battery


Bombardment of Bomarsund, 1854. Artist: Dolby, Edwin Thomas

Взрыв был по ходу приличный ...


Fort Tzee at Bomarsund, which blew up while Captain Sulivan was behind the stone in the foreground. (After a sketch by Brierley)



Hit till den väldiga fästningen Bomarsund på Åland skulle champagnen som gick till botten i höststormen år 1841.



Даже при потере фортов на в тылу крепость могла спкойно воевать и далее, но почему то сдалась даже на удивление англо-французам которые такой пакости вообще не ожидали.

На уцелевших частях крепости ни одной выбоины от ядра или пули :





"ЗВЕЗДА" еще не светится в 1854 году ?
Первая МИНА подведена под форт САПЕРАМИ-ВОДОЛАЗАМИ в 1854 году ?
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