Они не могут смотреть и видеть, им важно что там самыеприбильные приписали, так как сами не в состоянии щелкнуть мозгой и выстроить ряд.
Сцуки не дают честно тырить, потому картинки смотреть лучше в книге http://www.gutenberg.org/files/41538/41538-h/41538-h.htm.
The Progress of Invention in the Nineteenth Century. Edward W. Byrn
или шелкнуть на ссылку и потом обновить эту страницу, у начинает показывать.
This is the principle of the magneto-electric machine.
PIXII MAGNETO-ELECTRIC MACHINE, 1832.
This is a machine founded upon the general principle observed by Faraday in 1831 and 1832, and also by Prof. Henry about the same time, that when a magnet is made to approach a helix of insulated wire it causes a current of electricity to flow in the helix as long as the magnet advances.
Это ЛАБОРАТОРНЫЙ образец, его могли показать академии художеств (СПОНСОРУ проекта).
Saxton in the United States and Pixii in France were the first to produce organized devices of this class for generating electricity from magnetism. Pixii’s machine (1832) consisted of a permanent horse-shoe magnet which was caused to revolve in proximity to an armature upon which was wound a coil of insulated wire. On March 30, 1852, Sonnenberg and Rechten obtained a United States patent, No. 8,843, for an electrical machine for killing whales, and on August 19, 1856, Shepard obtained U. S. Pat. No. 15,596 for the machine which came to be known as the “Alliance” machine. Both of these machines had permanent field magnets, and were early types of magneto-electric machines.
HJORTH’S DYNAMO ELECTRIC MACHINE.
HJORTH’S DYNAMO ELECTRIC MACHINE, PLAN VIEW.
Прошло всего то 20 лет и оказывается выпускали ПРОМЫШЛЕННУЮ ЭЛЕКТРОМАШИНКУ всего лишь ради браконьерства китов "электроудочкой" ??? Это ж какую мощь давала эта фигня, что бы в воде охерачить китовую массу ???
In 1828 Prof. Joseph Henry produced his energetic electro-magnets sustaining weights of some thousands of pounds, and gave prophetic suggestion of the possibilities of electricity as a motive power. In 1831 he devised the electric motor shown in Fig. 28
FIG. 28.—PROF. HENRY’S ELECTRIC MOTOR.
Following Prof. Henry came Sturgeon’s rotary motor of 1832, Jacobi’s rotary motor of 1834, Fig. 29, which had electro-magnets both in the field and armature; Davenport’s motor of 1834, Zabriskie’s motor of 1837, in which a vibrating magnet converted reciprocating into rotary motion; Davenport’s motor of 1837 (U. S. Pat. No. 132, Feb. 25, 1837), Fig. 30; Page’s rotary motor of 1838, Walkley’s motor of 1838 (U. S. Pat. No. 809, June 27, 1838); Stimson’s motor of 1838 (U. S. Pat. No. 910, Sept. 12, 1838); Page’s motor of 1839, Cook’s of 1840 (U. S. Pat. No. 1,735, Aug. 25, 1840); Elias’ motor of 1842, invented in Holland; Lillie’s motor of 1850 (U S. Pat. No. 7,287, April 16, 1850); the Neff motor of 1851 (U. S. Pat. No. 7,889, Jan. 7, 1851), of which illustration is given in Fig. 31, and Page’s motor of 1854 (U. S. Pat. No. 10,480, Jan. 31, 1854). In 1835 Davenport constructed a small circular railway at Springfield, Mass.
FIG. 30.—DAVENPORT MOTOR.
FIG. 31.—NEFF MOTOR.
FIG. 32.—WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC MOTOR.
А эти ждали пока там китобои наиграются своими "электроудочками" и отдадут ЭЛЕКТРОГЕНЕРАТОРЫ.
Brilliant as is the arc lamp, far more in evidence is the incandescent lamp. The little glass bulb with its tiny thread of light we find everywhere. Popular opinion and the decision of the courts accord this invention to Thomas A. Edison. The evolution of the incandescent lamp is, however, interesting, and may be briefly sketched as follows:
FIRST INCANDESCENT LAMP, BY PROFESSOR GROVE, 1840.
In 1845 there appeared in the Philosophical Magazine a description of what was probably the first incandescent electric light. It was devised in 1840 by William Robert Grove, the inventor of the Grove battery, and is illustrated in Fig. 49.
It was described as follows:
“"A coil of platinum wire is attached to two copper wires, the lower parts of which, or those most distant from the platinum, are well varnished; these are fixed erect in a glass of distilled water, and another cylindrical glass, closed at the upper end, is inverted over them, so that its open mouth rests on the bottom of the former glass; the projecting ends of the copper wires are connected with a voltaic battery (two or three pairs of the nitric acid combination), and the ignited wire now gives a steady light. Instead of making the wires pass through the water, they may be fixed to metallic caps well luted to the necks of a glass globe."”
In 1845 August King patented, in England, an incandescent lamp, having an unsealed platinum burner, and also a carbon in a vacuum. Mr. King acted as agent for an American inventor, Mr. Starr, and the lamp came to be known as the Starr-King lamp, shown in Fig. 50. The burner was a thin plate or pencil of carbon B, enclosed in a Torricellian vacuum at the end of an inverted barometer tube, and held between the terminals of the connecting wires leading to a battery. In 1859 Moses G. Farmer lighted his house at Salem, Mass., by a series of subdivided electric lights, which was the first private dwelling lighted by electricity, and probably the first illustration of the feasibility of subdividing the electric current through a number of electric lamps.
Совершенно случайно в это же время вдруг появляется ПЛАТИНА где-то-тут и резко растет в цене.
А некий Эдиссон стал "первым" только по решению суда :
A struggle then began in the courts, which on October 4, 1892, terminated in a decision by the United States Court of Appeals (Edison Electric Light Company vs. United States Lighting Company), awarding the incandescent lamp to Edison.