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Early hot water systems were used in Russia for central heating of the Summer Palace 1710–1714

The Summer Palace in St. Petersburg had an early system of hydrologic central heating.

Early hot water systems were used in Russia for central heating of the Summer Palace (1710–1714) of Peter the Great in Saint Petersburg. Slightly later, in 1716, came the first use of water in Sweden to distribute heating in buildings. Mårten Triewald, a Swedish engineer, used this method for a greenhouse at Newcastle upon Tyne. Jean Simon Bonnemain (1743–1830), a French architect, introduced the technique to industry on a cooperative, at Château du Pêcq, near Paris.

However, these scattered attempts were isolated and mainly confined in their application to greenhouses. Tredgold originally dismissed its use as impractical, but changed his mind in 1836, when the technology went into a phase of rapid development.

Early systems had used low pressure water systems, which required very large pipes. One of the first modern hot water central heating systems to remedy this deficiency were installed by Angier March Perkins in London in the 1830s. At that time central heating was coming into fashion in Britain, with steam or hot air systems generally being used.

Perkins' 1832 apparatus distributed water at 200 degrees Celsius through small diameter pipes at high pressure. A crucial invention to make the system viable was the thread screwed joint, that allowed the joint between the pipes to bear a similar pressure to the pipe itself. He also separated the boiler from the heat source to reduce the risk of explosion. The first unit was installed in the home of Governor of the Bank of England John Horsley Palmer so that he could grow grapes in England's cold climate.

His systems were installed in factories and churches across the country, many of them remaining in usable condition for over 150 years. His system was also adapted for use by bakers in the heating of their ovens and in the making of paper form wood pulp.

Franz San Galli, a Polish-born Russian businessman living in St. Petersburg, invented the radiator between 1855 and 1857, which was a major step in the final shaping of modern central heating. The Victorian cast iron radiator became widespread by the end of the 19th century.

Бернулли описывает ОТОПЛЕНИЕ ГОРЯЧЕЙ ВОДОЙ стр. 460-463 как самое обычное явление и дает все выкладки, насколько помню там самая большая проблема в циркуляции воды и нужен насос, а насос есть уже давно "качели" и потом "уайтта" и наконец "поршенек".

Кристофъ Бернулли "Спутникъ механика (Vademecum)" 1868

Кран для горячей воды справа.

Давно замечаю хрень, что фамилии у многих "песонажей" традприбыльной истории "говорящие".

Например : "Макинто́ш (англ. mackintosh) — плащ из непромокаемой прорезиненной ткани,... Название происходит от фамилии шотландца Чарльза Макинтоша.... Он запатентовал это изобретение и основал компанию Charles Macintosh and Co. по производству непромокаемых изделий — макинтошей."

Mac-in-tosh = make (англ.) - делать + no (англ.) - не + douche (англ.) - обливание, принятие душа, обливать водой

Джеймс Уатт (Ватт ) - создатель универсальной паровой машины = virtue (англ.) - сила , hard (англ.) - сильный

ТЕСла - эДИСон = dash (англ.) - энергия

Исаа́к Нью́тон - изложил закон всемирного тяготения = new (англ.) - вновь обнаруженный + down (англ.) - вниз, наземь, внизу, tow (англ.) - тащить тащить за собой

У всех королей-царей только имя, а у этих фамилия-биография. Сдается мне что пиндосня притырила себе много чего как с "обретением Луны".

Попов в 1895 году дал радиосигнал на 60 метров, а некий Тесла тут же в 1896 на 46 километров.

Попов продолжает работу и добивается радиофикации флота, а Тесла уже забыл о "своем прорыве".

Зато пиндосня "первые" и могут не платить за патент, все остальные щи лаптем хлебают.